The epicentre was located 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Christchurch; 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south-east of Darfield;[6] 190 kilometres (120 mi) south-southeast of Westport; 295 kilometres (183 mi) south-west of Wellington; and 320 kilometres (200 mi) north-northeast of Dunedin. The census usually resident population count of New Zealand is a count of all people who usually live, and are present, in New Zealand on a given census night. Each of the two larger main islands – where most of the population lives – has two official names, in English and in the Māori language. Destinations. HMNZS Canterbury, which was docked at Lyttelton when the quake struck, was involved in providing local community assistance, in particular by providing hot meals. Home → Oceania → New Zealand → South Island. The Canterbury region's tussock plains in particular were suitable for extensive sheep farming. White wine has typically predominated in Canterbury from Riesling, Sauvignon blanc, Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, and to a lesser extent Pinot blanc and Pinot gris. As of 2002, the region produced 60.7% of the nation's supply of wheat, 51.1% of its barley stocks and 43.7% of its supply of oats. Although lower on the moment magnitude scale than the quake of September 2010, the intensity and violence of the ground shaking was measured to be VIII on the MMI and among the strongest ever recorded globally in an urban area due to the shallowness and proximity of the epicentre. [31] The strength of the region's agricultural economy is displayed every November at the Canterbury A&P Show. New Zealand’s landmass covers an area of 267,710 square kilometres (103,363sq mi). The Kaikoura District joined the region in 1992 … Regional Council Area. The region produces half of the New Zealand's mushrooms, nuts and berries.[32]. New Zealand administers the following islands outside the main archipelago. They were formerly known as the Canterbury Crusaders. Canterbury. The population development of Southland. The region covers an area of 44,508 square kilometres, and is home to a population of 645,900. Wellington, too, has a large airport that handles a lot of domestic and international flights. A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration.A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline 62 per cent of the total New Zealand population, was enumerated in the 18 urban areas. New Zealand’s South Island hosts the purest natural landscapes you’ll ever experience. The country's largest island within a lake, Pomona Island, has an area of just 2.6 km2 (1.0 sq mi).[6]. Pinot noir has had some success in the province particularly in Waipara. All schools were closed until 8 September so they could be checked. New Zealand Journal of Ecology (2000) 24(1): 31-38 ©New Zealand Ecological Society Distribution and diet of chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) in Westland forests, South Island, New Zealand Ivor J. Yockney1,* and Graham J. Hicklingı ıEcology and Entomology Group, P.O. Novelist. This, along with the strength of the quakes, and the proximity to the city centre resulted in 181 deaths.[17]. Earthquakes have defined Christchurch's recent history; in 2010 and 2011, they damaged and destroyed … You don’t have to be an experienced hiker to discover New Zealand’s wilderness areas., Christchurch - Canterbury De Miles Holden. The percentage of people born overseas was 23.2, compared with 27.1% nationally. The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by the Cook Strait.The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island.It has a population of 3,896,200 … Canterbury is a region of New Zealand, located in the central-eastern South Island. It was formed from part of New Munster Province and covered the middle part of the South Island, stretching from the east coast to the west coast. Timaru's Richard Pearse Airport serves South Canterbury with daily flights to Wellington. Box 84, Lincoln University, New Zealand South Island. 63 aftershocks were also reported in the first 48 hours with three registering 5.2 magnitude. They are the North Island or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island or Te Waipounamu. South Island; Population: ±15,800 (June 2018) Climate: Long, warm days in summer with cold winters and frequent snowfall. By the 1860s, this figure had risen to three million. Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand. With a population of about 10,000 people and is located at the mouth of the Grey River. Of the total population, 109,164 people (18.2%) were aged up to 15 years, 121,833 (20.3%) were 15 to 29, 272,718 (45.5%) were 30 to 64, and 95,982 (16.0%) were 65 or older. The largest crops are potatoes (4,330 ha), peas and beans (2,700 ha), wine grapes (1,770 ha), berries (1,100 ha), and onions (1,000 ha). 2,000 local manufacturing companies employ 23,000 workers, contributing an estimated $2.2 billion NZD to the national GDP.[33]. [5] The earthquake occurred at a depth of 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), and there were no fatalities. However Kaikoura remains part of Marlborough in the minds of many people. Choose to explore just one region, or road trip from Picton all the way down to Bluff. Rangitata and Selwyn are held by National MPs Jo Goodhew and Amy Adams while Waitaki is represented by Jacqui Dean. This is considered the ‘most English’ city in the country due to its climate, friendly people, and the fact that it’s more similar to a small town than a … The 2020 figures are provisional. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 250,845 (51.1%) people were employed full-time, 75,861 (15.5%) were part-time, and 15,864 (3.2%) were unemployed.[24]. Lacs d'Ashburton, Christchurch - Canterbury De Sergio Del Rosso. The Canterbury Kings are Canterbury's cricket team in New Zealand's State Championship. Explanation: Settlements in 2020 boundaries. Around a quarter of Canterbury's overseas-born population at the 2013 Census had been living in New Zealand for less than five years, and 11 percent had been living in New Zealand for less than two years (i.e. The large Kaikōura electorate covers all of the Marlborough Region and northern Canterbury and is represented by National MP Stuart Smith. Local attractions include Lake Brunner and the nearby Pancake Rocks at Punakaiki. One population, Motuara, experienced two sets of contemporary bottlenecks (translocation event followed by a disease-outbreak and population crash) and was sampled in three different years. On New Zealand's South Island, the largest city is Christchurch, with a population of around 400,000 residents, making it the third-largest city in the country. Following 1850, the province's economy developed with the introduction of sheep farming. 17. Other sporting teams include the Mainland Tactix (netball), Canterbury United FC (football) and Canterbury Rams (basketball). The Central Plains Water scheme is a proposal for water storage that has attracted much controversy. Following the local government reform of 1989, Kaikoura District was part of the Nelson-Marlborough Region. However, its isolation from other land masses and exposure to cold southerly winds and ocean currents gives the … (The associated Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau, and islands of the Antarctic Ross Dependency are excluded.) Christchurch, the South Island's largest city and the country's second-largest urban area, is the seat of the region and home to 59 percent of the region's population. On the South Island, the biggest airport is … [35] The Christchurch High Court also hosts a divisional court of the Court of Appeal. Pop. Christchurch - Christchurch City is the largest city in the South Island … This data has … For example, the North Island has 4 of New Zealand's 7 international airports, including the one in Auckland, which handles most of the country's arrivals. The Canterbury region is administered by the Canterbury Regional Council. they moved to New Zealand after the 2011 Christchurch earthquake). These islands are all in harbours or the open sea. If it’s city living you’re in the market for when you move to New Zealand, the largest and most diverse city on New Zealand’s South Island is Christchurch. It is currently held by Labour Party MP Rino Tirikatene. [7] Among the facilities impacted by lack of power was the Christchurch Hospital, which was forced to use emergency generators in the immediate aftermath of the quake.[7]. Lowland rivers and streams are generally polluted and some of the aquifers are being overdrawn. 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