The body is small and compact, and the legs short and slender. The muntjac deer was introduced into the UK from China in the 20th century. they are native to India, southeast asia, and southern China. Muntjac deer are the eldest deer. Protected in the UK under the Deer Act 1991. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press. If healthy, they can live up to 16 years for males in captivity and female greater than 20 years. They are not restricted to a narrow rutting period. There are 12 known species in this group of deer, as well as several subspecies, and they have unique features like canine tusks and small antlers. Walker, E., R. Nowak. Their body length ranges from 89-135 cm. Muntjac Deer lifespan and different subspecies are The exact lifespan of the various species of muntjac deer is not known, but males usually live between 15 and 20 years. They have a short coat of hair. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Find out where to see one of the most dramatic and impressive animal displays in…, Although introduced by the Normans, the fallow deer has been here so long that it is considered naturalised. An experiment was conducted to show how captivity would affect the deer's behavior and survival rate. Lifespan: Oddly for a deer, but reflecting their subtropical homelands, muntjac breed all year round. Topics The muntjac may bark more frequently when its ability to see its surroundings is reduced as a result of the evironment. Muntjac are of great interest in evolutionary studies because of their dramatic chromosome variations and the recent discovery of several new species. National Science Foundation A study done in 1987 showed that there are 140,000-150,000 Muntiacus muntjak in China. Origin & Distribution: Reeves’ muntjac are native to SE China, including Taiwan and Hainan. Taxon Information Reeves's muntjacs are reddish-brown in appearance with striped markings on their face. Indian muntjac deer, also known as the Mastreani deer, are small deer mainly found in Southern Asia. Muntjac Deer. Savannas are grasslands with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy. It is found in dense forest habitats at an elevation of 1500 – 2000 feet, where it s solitary and eats mostly fruit. They can respond to their names when called, which should be given at a younger age. In captivity, they can easily add an additional five years to their lifespan. Muntjacs, when scared, sounds like a dog; hence their common name “barking deer”. Introduced to Woburn Park, Bedfordshire, in 1894, they were deliberately released into surrounding woodlands from 1901 onward. 2002. Wild males 10 years and 13 years for a female. they are native to India, southeast asia, and southern China. called barking deer because of their cry, muntjacs are solitary and nocturnal. Indian Muntjac Muntiacus muntjac Measurements: Head-Body Length- 70 to 80 cm Shoulder Height- 30 to 40 cm Weight- 15-20 kg Physical Appearance The Indian Muntjac is like all Muntjac species of deer a small and delicate looking animal. Muntjac deer side look at dusk. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. Leaf Muntjac (Leaf Deer) The Wildlife Conservation Society, based at the Bronx Zoo, says the animal is the world’s smallest deer species. Reeves's muntjac (M. reevesi), in comparison, has a diploid number of 46 chromosomes. Small, secretive and constantly on the move, the muntjac is a challenging quarry for the deer stalker. The deer can jump up to 6 feet, therefore, it is advised to build at least a 6 foot high fence when constructing their enclosure. The buck (male) may pair-up with a female during courtship, and in rare cases remain close to the doe and fawn for a period of several months. When to see January to December. When you come visit you might confuse them for a dog. Indian muntjac deer, also known as the Mastreani deer, are small deer mainly found in Southern Asia. having the capacity to move from one place to another. Two areas were created; one with a large area containing a few Père David's deer present and one with a small area containing a high concentration of Père David's deer present. having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. Unlike other deer species, this is exactly what they tend to be kept for. However, in captivity, they’re capable of a much longer lifespan of around 17 years, on average. About The small, Chinese muntjac deer was introduced to Woburn Park in Bedfordshire at the start of the 20th century and rapidly spread into the surrounding area. Types Of Muntjac. Muntjac deer are the eldest deer. The buck (male) may pair-up with a female during courtship, and in rare cases remain close to the doe and fawn for a period of several months. Reeves's muntjac (M. reevesi), in comparison, has a diploid number of 46 chromosomes. They are known to develop very quickly after birth. Roe deer are easily startled – their rumps bounding through forests and crops are a familiar sight to walkers and cyclists. There are a total of 15 different subspecies of barking deer. Indian Muntjac… Muntjac deer are the smallest deer in Britain, about the size of a labrador dog. 2 Roe deer. Vegetation is made up mostly of grasses, the height and species diversity of which depend largely on the amount of moisture available. Synapomorphy of the Bilateria. In captivity. The Reeves Muntjac has a maximum lifespan of 16 years, although normally they live no more than 10 years in the wild. Chinese water deer were first kept at London Zoo in 1873 but escaped from Whipsnade Zoo in 1929. In this group the only the upper parts of the second and fifth digit metacarpals are present in the foreleg. The males (bucks) are marginally larger than the females (does). In the wild this tends to be 10 years for a male and 13 years for a female. The aim of this guide is to assist in the identification of muntjac deer, specifically in comparison to roe deer, and provide guidance on control of the species in Scotland. Invasive, non-native species. New York, St. Louis, San Francisco: McGraw-Hill Publishing Company. The Reeves Muntjac has a maximum lifespan of 16 years, although normally they live no more than 10 years in the wild. Muntjac deer is also widely known as the barking deer, due its unique cry that resembles the bark of a dog. They are also known as barking deer due to their distinctive barking sound. Barking Deer Muntjac deer fall in the category of those deer that are shy and elusive. Jackson, A. When they sense the presence of a predator, they emit sounds that sound like a dog barking. During the rut their home ranges overlap for a short period. reproduction that includes combining the genetic contribution of two individuals, a male and a female. It has gained a stronghold in South East England, where it can cause damage to our woods through browsing. The small antlers with three prongs on males are known as tines. The doe (female) can give birth to fawn (young) and may conceive in any month of the year. Muntjac habitat includes rain forests, areas of dense vegetation, hilly country, and monsoon forests. The reason for the latter name is their alarm call, which seems very much similar to the barking of a dog. Indian Muntjac Muntiacus muntjac Measurements: Head-Body Length- 70 to 80 cm Shoulder Height- 30 to 40 cm Weight- 15-20 kg Physical Appearance The Indian Muntjac is like all Muntjac species of deer a small and delicate looking animal. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742. Lifespan: The Indian muntjac deer has a lifespan of 15−20 years. Red deer have a lifespan of up to 18 years. Chinese muntjacs create trails through their territory that they use for ease of movement, similar to white-tailed deer of North America ( Odocoileus virginianus ). They usually bear just one young at a time. The majority of adult doe are constantly pregnant during there 8-12 year lifespan in the wild. Muntjac deer fact file. Up to 40% of fawns die within the first four weeks of life. This material is based upon work supported by the The coat can be thick and dense for those living in cooler climates, or thin and less dense for those living in warmer areas. Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. 2. "Muntiacus muntjak" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. The doe (female) can give birth to fawn (young) and may conceive in any month of the year. When they sense the presence of a predator, they emit sounds that sound like a dog barking. Muntjac are of great interest in evolutionary studies because of their dramatic chromosome variations and the recent discovery of several new species. They were introduced to Woburn Park, Bedfordshire, in 1896, and Whipsnade Zoo in 1929-30. Muntjac deer fact 4 Female muntjac deer are more expensive than males and one female can cost many times the price of a male. During the 1920s, some individuals escaped and muntjac are now established in the wild. e) Musk deer facts. Muntjac are a small but stocky species of deer that stand at around 0.44 to 0.52m tall at the shoulder.When fully grown males (bucks) weigh between 10 to 18kg as adults and females (does) weigh 9 to16kg. They also display both diurnal and nocturnal activity. Unlike other deer species, the Reeves Muntjac is capable of breeding throughout the year. Their shoulder height and the length of their tail ranges from 40-65 cm and 13-23 cm respectively. Mating Habits & Reproduction . The females have tufts of hair and small bony knobs that are in the location of the antlers in males. They originated in southeast China and were brought to Woburn Park in Bedfordshire, by John Russell Reeves in 1838. The majority of adult doe are constantly pregnant during there 8-12 year lifespan in the wild. Lifespan/Longevity. They use their canines to bite and their forelegs to deliver strong blows in order to catch small warm-blooded animals. They are polyestrous with the estrous cycle lasting 14-21 days and the estrus lasting about 2 days. Some of their predators include pythons, jackals, tigers, leopards, and crocodiles. A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest. The Muntjac (Muntiacinae, Cervidae) is one of the phylogenetically oldest species of deer and can be found in many (Asian) countries. Unlike other antlered deer, the muntjac uses its horns to shove an opponent off balance and inflict a tusk blow to the face or head that will hopefully puncture the skin of the face, neck or ears. Opportunities range from community gardening, species surveying, caring for nature…, The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. Contributor Galleries scrub forests develop in areas that experience dry seasons. September evening Suffolk. The average lifespan of a Père David deer is up to 18 years. rainforests, both temperate and tropical, are dominated by trees often forming a closed canopy with little light reaching the ground. A deer that sounds like a dog? There are 12 known species in this group of deer, as well as several subspecies, and they have unique features like canine tusks and small antlers. Lifespan is estimated as up to six years. Red deer have a lifespan of up to 18 years. Species of Deer name: Average LifeSpan: Moose: 15-25years: Elk: 10-13 years: Reindeer: 15-18years: Roe deer: 10years: Red Deer: 10-13years: Sambar Deer: 20-26years: Muntjac Deer: 13-16years (males)Less than 20years: White tail deer: 6-14years History, distribution & habitat . Origin & Distribution: The Chinese water deer is native to E China (Yangtze flood plain) and Korea. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. The gestation period lasts from 209 to 220 days and females give birth to 1 or 2 fawns. Muntjac Deer are generally shy, and they tend to live in thick woods, they are used to a cold and cool climate. They have been introduced in Texas, the Andaman Islands, and on Lombok. Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services. The small antlers with three prongs on males are known as tines. Muntjac deer is also widely known as the barking deer, due its unique cry that resembles the bark of a dog. Hunters of pheasants in India can rely on the barking noises made by the muntjac as a warning signal of an approaching predator. Average Lifespan: 10 to 14 years Average Height/Weight: 45 to 52 cm, 20 to 25 lb Best Aspect: Affectionate and love to play Biggest Downside: Bark/scream. The name Muntjac originates from the Sudanese “mencek”, which means small deer. Muntiacus muntjak can be found in southern and southeastern Asia, from Pakistan east through India and Nepal, across southeast Asia and southern China. About The small, Chinese muntjac deer was introduced to Woburn Park in Bedfordshire at the start of the 20th century and rapidly spread into the surrounding area. uses smells or other chemicals to communicate. They will constantly play with each other, or with humans. called barking deer because of their cry, muntjacs are solitary and nocturnal. Invasive, non-native species. Average lifespan: 10-13 years. This native British deer is rusty brown in the summer months, turning grey, pale brown or sometimes black in winter. The gestation period is around 180 days and the weight at birth is between 550 and 650 g. The common name of this Muntjac is the barking deer. Hear stags roar and see them clash antlers this autumn. Roe deer are easily startled – their rumps bounding through forests and crops are a familiar sight to walkers and cyclists. Muntjac deer are one of the few species of deer, and probably the only obtainable one, that can be kept as house pets because they reach the size of a medium-sized dog. Life Span: Up to 16 years for males in captivity and female >20 years. Chinese water deer are active throughout the 24-hour period with the peak time of activity around dusk. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia. The Animal Diversity Web team is excited to announce ADW Pocket Guides! The muntjac deer was introduced into the UK from China in the 20th century. While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. Registered charity number 207238. A terrestrial biome found in temperate latitudes (>23.5° N or S latitude). These muntjacs breed throughout the year. These males are not aggressive nor are they ready to mate. The Indian muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak), also called the red muntjac, common muntjac or barking deer, is the most numerous muntjac deer species. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. with grateful acknowledgement to BDS Library The Muntjac deer has no fixed breedin g season or rut. They may bark for more than an hour to make a predator show itself or leave the area. The bark muntjac, leaf deer or Putao muntjac (Muntiacus putaoensis) is a small species of muntjac. 1999. Adria Jackson (author), University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Phil Myers (editor), Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor. The young leaves the mothers territory when it is just about six months old, after which it must fight for its own territory. Males are slightly larger than […] The deer can jump up to 6 feet, therefore, it is advised to build at least a 6 foot high fence when constructing their enclosure. Breeding is not restricted to a specific time of the year. Yes, it’s strange but true! They are small and cute but certainly not quiet. Indian muntjacs are amongst the oldest known deer species, with their fossils date back 15 to 35 million years ago. Conservation status. Meet our Reeve's Muntjac Deer. Grzimek's Enclopedia of Mammals (vol.5). 2 Roe deer. Muntjac Deer lifespan and different subspecies are. 1990. Category: Deer. Accessed January 08, 2021 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Muntiacus_muntjak/. Muntjaks also thrive very well in zoos. The Indian muntjac falls into the subgroup of the deer family that have plesiometacarpals. Average lifespan Status: captivity 17.6 years Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Average lifespan Status: captivity 17.0 years Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Behavior. Muntjac deer, also called the mastreani deer, is a group of small deer found mainly in Southern Asia. The Indian muntjac (M. muntjak) is the mammal with the lowest recorded chromosome number: The male has a diploid number of 7, the female only 6 chromosomes. Muntjac Deer Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. In the wild, the average barking deer lives between 10-12 years, generally speaking. The color of the coat is golden tan on the dorsal side, white on the ventral side, and the limbs and face are dark brown. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. The ears have very little hair. Mating Habits & Reproduction . They are also known by the name of Kakad deer or the Barking deer in India. Conservation status. Sometimes the adult muntjac allows another indiviual in its territory. This could be a leopard or tiger which in turn can pose a threat to the hunters themselves. Muntjac Lifespan. Disclaimer: The exact lifespan of the various species of muntjac deer is not known, but males usually live between 15 and 20 years. Reeves's muntjacs have a polygynous mating system. Muntjacs are omnivorous, feeding on herbs, fruit, birds' eggs, small animals, sprouts, seeds, and grasses. In other words, India and southeast Asia. Muntiacus muntjak, also known as the Indian muntjac, have small antlers present in males which are relatively short with long burrs. gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate), Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. 1. Reeves's muntjacs are native to East Asia. If healthy, they can live up to 16 years for males in captivity and female greater than 20 years. This in turn can lead to a loss of food sources as well as a loss of wood that can be used to provide shelter. The Reeve's Muntjac has a maximum lifespan of 16 years, although normally they live no more than 10 years in the wild. They can respond to their names when called, which should be given at a younger age. Sitka deer have been introduced to different areas as both an ornamental and game species. Protected in the UK under the Deer Act 1991. Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands. Convergent in birds. Muntjac Deer come from China and Southern Asia. Family: Cervidae. Help us improve the site by taking our survey. Conservation status: The Indian muntjac deer is considered a species of Least Concern (LC) by the IUCN. Unlike other deer species Reeve's Muntjac are capable of breeding throughout the year, and are not restricted to a narrow rutting period. Average lifespan: 10-13 years. The average lifespan of a Père David deer is up to 18 years. the area in which the animal is naturally found, the region in which it is endemic. They like to be close to a water source. Precipitation is typically not limiting, but may be somewhat seasonal. When to see January to December. Classification, To cite this page: Indian muntjacs are amongst the oldest known deer species, with their fossils date back 15 to 35 million years ago. Invasive, non-native species. This means that males mate with more than one female during each breeding season. animals that use metabolically generated heat to regulate body temperature independently of ambient temperature. The muntjac … The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. Muntjacs, also known as barking deer and Mastreani deer, are small ruminant of the genus muntiacus. Hailing from Southeast Asia, the leaf muntjac is the smallest deer of the breed and can grow up to an average height of 20 inches, weighing a mere 10-20 pounds. These deer also posses tusklike upper canines measuring about 1 inch long in males. They were deliberately released into surrounding woodlands from 1901 onwards, but there have been numerous releases, translocations, and escapes. The Muntjac deer has no fixed breedin g season or rut. 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